Goan Pork Vindaloo
- 1 teaspoon cumin seeds
- 1 teaspoon coriander seeds
- 5 whole black peppercorns
- 2 green cardamom pods, seeds only*
- 2 whole cloves
- 1 (1/2-inch) piece cinnamon stick
- 1 (1/2-inch) piece fresh ginger, peeled and chopped
- 7 garlic cloves, peeled and left whole
- 3 fresh red chiles
- 3 tablespoons white wine vinegar
- Pinch kosher salt
- 12 ounces pork shoulder, cut into 1-inch cubes
- 3 1/2 ounces pork belly, cut into 1-inch pieces
- 5 tablespoons vegetable oil
- 1 small onion, finely chopped
- 3/4 teaspoon mustard seeds
- Handful cashew nuts
- 8 ounces basmati rice, cooked according to package instructions, for serving, optional
- 4 wheat tortillas, for serving, optional
- 2 handfuls chopped lettuce leaves, for serving, optional
- 4 tablespoons sour cream, for serving, optional
- *Can be found at specialty Asian markets.
Try my version of this popular export from Goa.
Using a spice grinder, grind the cumin seeds, coriander seeds, peppercorns, cardamom seeds, cloves, and cinnamon to a fine powder.
In a food processor, blend the ginger, garlic, chiles, and white wine vinegar, to a paste.
Mix the ground spice mixture with the paste until well combined, and season with a pinch of salt, to taste. Rub the mixture all over the pork using your fingers, and then set the pork aside, covered, and placed in the refrigerator to marinate for 1 1/2 to 2 hours.
Heat 4 tablespoons of oil in a nonstick pan. When the oil is hot, add the onion, and fry for 3 to 4 minutes, or until golden brown.
Add the marinated pork pieces, and fry for 6 to 7 minutes, turning once, or until golden-brown on all sides. Reduce the heat to low, cover the pan with a lid, and cook for 35 to 40 minutes, stirring occasionally, or until the pork is tender. Add small splashes of boiling water to the pan as necessary, if the juices in the pan dry out. Add as little water as possible as the resulting sauce should be quite thick.
Heat the remaining oil in a separate pan over medium heat. When the oil is hot, add the mustard seeds. Caution: The mustard seeds will start to pop. Keep the pan well away from your face and eyes. Be careful of the popping mustard seeds and the splatter of oil. Once the mustard seeds start to pop, add the cashew nuts, and fry for 2 to 3 minutes, stirring occasionally, or until the nuts are golden-brown.
To serve the dish, either divide the rice, if using, among 4 serving plates, spoon the vindaloo alongside and pour the fried cashew nuts and mustard seeds over the vindaloo, or alternatively spoon the vindaloo into the center of 4 wheat tortillas, if using, sprinkle with chopped lettuce, and sour cream and roll up into parcels.